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MOUNTAIN CLIMBING

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MOUNTAIN CLIMBING IN ARGENTINA

Mountain Climbing in Mendoza Mountain Climbing in Salta Mountain Climbing in Jujuy

Dare to scale, climb or practice rappel at the most impressive mountains in Argentina and become a great mountain climber.
This is another one of the adventure sports that increases its adepts worldwide by the day. It is considered a high-risk sport, requiring physical strength in both arms and legs, combined at the same time with a skilled scaling technique.
We recommend beginners not to ascend natural walls but artificial ones under the supervision of a professional instructor, who will offer all the necessary theoretical and practical information to introduce you into this passionate activity for a reasonable fee.
It is preferable not to climb alone for safety reasons; it is best to scale in groups in order to share the experience as well.
It is indispensable to use the proper equipment to practice this specialty, consisting basically of a waist harness, safety snap links and cat paw shoes, which are the specific footwear required for they are very flexible and have a sewed rubber sole with a great grip; besides the magnesium resin that prevents the sweating of the hands and therefore loosing grasp.
Before climbing you must examine the terrain and the weather conditions for if the latter is adverse it is best to cancel the ascension for you can suffer a fall or slip.

Untamed Beauty (El Chaltén)
El Chaltén is a small village inside the Parque Nacional Los Glaciares National Park, surrounded by unmatchable natural beauty, only 220 kilometres away from the city of El Calafate.

The Fitz Roy Mountain (El Chaltén)
The Fitz Roy Mountain, or Chaltén according to the aborigines, standing at 3405 meters above sea level, and the Torre Mountain at 3128 meters stand in the El Chaltén region, and are two of the hardest mountains to climb in the world. They are located north of…

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The Piltriquitrón Mountain (El Bolsón)
Its name comes from the words pil and tron meaning rock and clouds respectively, and Piltriquitrón means literally rock hanging from the clouds, for if you watch it in a rainy day, the mountain does resemble…

The Tronador Mountain (San Carlos de Bariloche)
Within the amplest variety of possibilities offered by the Patagonian zone, the Andean Cordillera with its massive glaciers can be the place of choice for a…

The Negro and Monje Mountains (Villa Traful)
The trail begins after walking 200 meters along the street leading to the recreation field. At the starting point you will see a small sign showing the way by the woods…

Low Impact Adventure Sports (General Roca)
The geographic formations manifest around General Roca, are suitable for the practice of various adventure sports...

El Chaltén (El Calafate)
It is a town located at about 220 kilometres away from El Calafate, going through the Provincial Route Nº 11, the National Route Nº 40 and the Provincial Nº 23; it is the most recently founded town in Argentina, with a…

In the Peak of Freedom (San Martín de los Andes)
You can ascend one of the most attractive and mythical Andean massifs in the Patagonia: the Lanín volcano. An unforgettable experience that will lead you into your deepest self.

Scaling and Rappel at "La Palestra" (Esquel)
Only 5 kilometres away from the centre of the city of Esquel, you can perform an excellent drill of sportive scaling and rappel at La Palestra, a 30 meters high natural wall that congregates every...

Exploring the Confines of the Earth (Ushuaia)
A journey remitting to the beginnings of the evolution of the Earth. The starting point of a experience along the boundaries of civilization, where adventure and contemplation are at every moment present.

Las Mellizas Lagoon and Rock Paintings (Villa Traful)
It is necessary to cross the Traful Lake up to Península Grande to enjoy this excursion. From there starts a northwest bound steep path between a…

Trekking the Trail (El Chaltén)
As close as 15 kilometres away from El Chaltén, the El Pilar lodging house is the starting and arriving point for hikers and climbers eager to discover and explore these latitudes.

Trekking at the Verde Lagoon (San Martín de los Andes)
First we drive from San Martín de los Andes through the so-called seven-lake route (RN 234), bordering the Lácar Lake to the right and bound to the skirts of the Chapelco Mountain, 20 kilometres away…

Trekking at the Colorado Mountain (San Martín de los Andes)
Starting from San Martín de los Andes, going through the Ruta Nacional Nº 234 National Route bound to Junín de los Andes, you will reach a bifurcation to the left, beside the Virgen de la Montaña. There you take the…

Trekking to the Little Isle (San Martín de los Andes)
You do not need to be in optimum physical conditions to enjoy an amusing trekking through the surrounding area of San Martín de los Andes, walking by sinuous trails until arriving to the Little Isle, only 5 kilometres away from the city centre.

Trekking in Tierra del Fuego (Tolhuin)
Trekking circuits open like an enormous fan of possibilities at Tierra del Fuego, proposing privileged adventures at the end of the world…

Adventure Tourism at El Calafate (El Calafate)
Adventure sports enthusiasts have the chance of realizing a great number of related activities in the surrounding area of El Calafate; but undoubtedly…

Every mountainous zone in Argentina, like the Andean Cordillera, the Sierras of Córdoba and San Luis, and others, has mountains worth of climbing.
The Aconcagua Mountain in Mendoza, with its 6962 meters above sea level, is the highest peak in America and goal for climbers from all over the world.

Following are some of the most important peaks for the practice of mountaineering:
Heights given in meters above sea level (m. a. s. l.)

Salta
Llullaillaco (6739 m. a. s. l.) Socompa Volcano (6031 m. a. s. l.) and Cachi Snow-capped Mountain (6380 m. a. s. l.) (Accessible from Salta and Cachi).

Sierras del Centro
Champaquí (2790 m. a. s. l.) (Accessible from Merlo, Villa General Belgrano and Santa Rosa de Calamuchita), Los Gigantes Massif (2374 m. a. s. l.) (Accessible from Mina Clavero)

Mendoza
Aconcagua (6962 m. a. s. l.) (The highest peak in America, accessible from Mendoza), Tupungato (6800 m. a. s. l.).

Neuquén
Lanín Volcano (3776 m. a. s. l.) (Accessible from San Martín de los Andes)

Río Negro
Tronador (3554 m. a. s. l.) (Accessible from Bariloche)

Santa Cruz
Fitz Roy (3375 m. a. s. l.), Torre (3128 m. a. s. l.)

SCALING - RAPPEL
Rock scaling is the sport of climbing rocky walls with inclinations of over 60 degrees where the use of the hands is necessary to achieve progress. Rappel is the art of descending from these walls using ropes attached to a waist harness. These walls can either be made out of ice or rocks.

Argentina has thousands of kilometres of mountainous regions: the Cordillera de los Andes, the sierras of Córdoba and San Luis, and others offering innumerable scenarios for the practice of this activity.

Nevertheless, we can mention some sites suitable for the sport:

Córdoba
Los Gigantes Massif (2374 m. a. s. l.), La Ola.

Río Negro
Frey in Catedral Mountain (Bariloche) (rock)

Mendoza
Los Arenales (rock), Waterfalls in Puente del Inca, Cerro Rincón (ice)

Santa Cruz
Fitz Roy Range (3375 m. a. s. l.) (Rock and ice)


MOUNTAIN CLIMBING IN MENDOZA


Mendoza Adventure Travel & Tours ...

From the small mountains surrounding the Capital City, to the top of imposing Aconcagua at 6959 m.a.s.l., the Andes and all the other mountainous ridges that stretch along the Mendoza Province are seemingly apt for this discipline.
The area of El Sosneado stands out as a skilled mountaineering spot. All ages and even inexperienced people can climb the lower mountains.


MOUNTAIN CLIMBING IN SALTA


Salta Adventure Travel & Tours ...

Due to its geographic position on the continent and the amazing qualities of its territory, Salta holds an ample diversity of climates and elevations with different characteristics, all suitable for the practice of mountaineering during the whole year.

Salta offers mountaineers, no less than ten peaks with heights over 6000 metres above sea level, and a much greater number of peaks over 5000 metres, many of which are close to the Salta capital.

In some of these mountains one can find high altitude sanctuaries from the Inca period; the best known are located on the Llullaillaco Volcano, and on the Cachí, Chañi, de Castillo and the Acay snow-capped mountains, as well as in the Chusca and Bayo mountains, amongst others. Specialists estimate there are between 15 and 20 mountains with high altitude sanctuaries.

Regarding the puna highland region, it has a high altitude continental climate, with temperatures rising up to 30º C during the day, and dropping dramatically to between -15º C and -20º C during the night. Thus, August through December is the recommended season to explore the high mountain region, in order to avoid the harder cold, winds and snow, pounding the area during the rest of the year.

The average duration of an expedition can oscillate, depending on the distances and the summits to be conquered, between two days and two weeks; Salta's capital is the established departure and return point.

THE VOLCAN LLULLAILLACO VOLCANO
It is the highest mountain in Salta, with its 6739 metres above sea level. It stands on the border with Chile, at 12º 43' south latitude and at 68º 32' west longitude. The remains of three frozen children from the Inca Empire where discovered on it; a finding known today as the Llullaillaco Mummies. If one does not have a vehicle to drive to the foot of the mountain, there is always the chance to rent mules and hire local experts or just people from the area, which can be found in and around the nearby towns.

THE VOLCAN SOCOPAMPA VOLCANO
The Socopampa Volcano is 6031 metres high, and is located at 24º 23' south latitude and at 68º 14' west longitude.

THE VOLCAN ARIZARO VOLCANO
With an altitude of 5700 metres, it stands close to the Estación Vega de Arizaro Station, of the Ferrocarril Ramal C-14 Railroad, bound to Socompa; at 24º 25' south latitude and at 67º 59' west longitude.

THE VOLCAN POCITOS VOLCANO
The Pocitos Volcano, with 5020 metres, raises close to the Estación Pocitos Station of the Ramal C-14 Railroad; at 24º 15' south latitude and at 66º 59' west longitude. It is one of three volcanoes constituting the border with the Pocitos and Rincón salt pans.

THE CERRO DEL MEDIO MOUNTAIN
The Cerro del Medio (Middle) mountain, with an altitude of 4929 metres, stands at 24º 14' south latitude and at 67º 02' west longitude. It owes its name to its location between the Volcán Pocitos Volcano, in the southeast, and the Cerro Tul Tul Mountain, in the northwest.

THE CERRO TUL TUL MOUNTAIN
At 5314 metres, it stands at 24º 24' south latitude and at 67º 02' west longitude.

THE NEVADO DE CACHI SNOW-CAPPED MOUNTAIN
It is 6380 metres high and rises over the mountain range known as Cachí Palermo, with average altitudes of about 5400 metres where the Cachí Peak dominates the scenery. The area, due to its many mountains, their incredible heights and the level of access and difficulty, is one of the most popular for the practice of mountaineering.

THE NEVADO DE QUEWAR SNOW-CAPPED MOUNTAIN
In the puna highland's eastern region stands the Pastos Grandes Mountainrange. Its highest peak is the Quewar snow-capped mountain; with 6130 m.a.s.l., it stands at 24º 20' south latitude and at 66º 44' west longitude.

THE VOLCANES AZUFRE AND TUZGLE VOLCANOES
Standing in the same mountain range as the Quewar Peak, you will find the Volcán Azufre Volcano, at 24º 23' 86" south latitude and at 66º 46' 68" west longitude, and with 5840 metres of height; and the Volcán Tuzgle Volcano, at 24º 03' south latitude and at 66º 28' west longitude, and with 5486 metres of height.

THE CORDON DE CACHI PALERMO MOUNTAIN RANGE
After the puna highland region, the Cordón de Cachí Palermo Range can be considered the most important area for the practice of mountaineering, due to its peaks, to the diversity of its mountains (specially nine of its summits), and to the small geographical space where they stand, shortening the distance between them compared to that in the puna highland region.

THE NEVADO DE ACAY SNOW-CAPPED MOUNTAIN
It is 5716 metres high (24º 23' south latitude and 66º 10' west longitude), and has the Cerro San Miguel Mountain, with 5500 metres (24º 32' south latitude and 66º 07' west longitude), standing next to it.

THE NEVADO GENERAL GÜEMES SNOW-CAPPED MOUNTAIN
With 5565 metres, it is located at 24º 23' south latitude and 65º 38' west longitude.

THE CERRO PAÑO MOUNTAIN
With 5517 metres, it is located at 24º 13' south latitude and 65º 41' west longitude.

THE NEVADO DE CHAÑI SNOW-CAPPED MOUNTAIN
The Nevado de Chañi snow-capped mountain is located on the border between the Provinces of Salta and Jujuy, at 24º 03' south latitude and at 65º 44' west longitude. This elevation is part of a foremost summit, called General Belgrano, which are also known as the Chañi Chico (small) and Chañi Sur (south), respectively. The southern wall of the main summit is one of the most difficult for scaling, for combined techniques, both for rock and ice ascensions, are required.

DIFFICULTIES
  • There are few mountains in Salta of high technical difficulty, nevertheless, during the snow season, staples and other tools are necessary. As is the case of the Nevado de Chañi with its rock and ice walls.
  • When at the upper mountain zone (over 5000 metres), it is important to consider a process for acclimatization, which can take two days.
  • In some cases guides are required.
  • Topographic charts are required as well.
  • No mountain has a base camp or a mule station, thus information about distances involving water and provisions is needed.
THINGS TO BE CONSIDERED
For safety reasons, it is suitable to inform the mountaineering clubs the departure and arrival times, to carry a radio or mobile phone, or to inform the Gendarmería Nacional National Police about the route and final destination; as well as to inform if a change of course has been decided.

In any case, the shortage of water in the puna highland region has to be taken into consideration, as well as the dryness of the environment (less than 100 mm of annual rainfall); conditions different than those found at the Cordón de Cachí region, where the snowcaps deliver the necessary water.

The effects and consequences derived from the exposure to high altitude atmospheres, known as mountain air or soroche, need to be reminded. Moreover, the great distances between the highland mountains, separated in many cases by wind swept deserts and soft sediment soils, need to be kept in mind as well.

Opposite to the highlands, the distance between the mountains of the Cordón de Cachí Range is notably shorter and easily accessible, for they are linked as a chain of mountains.

The highland volcanoes are surrounded by ashes and pumice stones, which imply that the roads are not clearly defined, being most of the times just tracks imprinted by the miners of the region.

Regarding the Cachí region, the access roads are more easily travelled, for the small towns of Cachí, Payogasta and La Poma are located at the foot of the mountain range.


MOUNTAIN CLIMBING IN JUJUY


Jujuy Adventure Travel & Tours ...

The mountains in the Jujuy area are attractive for climbers, both because of their height, as well as for their technical difficulties. The area is filled with everything from small hills to mountains reaching up to 6,000 m.a.s.l.

Visitors of any age, and even those without any experience can climb the lower parts. It can be combined with rappel and/or Tyrolese.

Mountains like the Chañi, at 5,885 metres, draw a lot of climbers. The first to reach its peak were Tries, Moften and Marcado in 1901; while the second expedition to reach the peak was the one led by the Father Oliverio Pelicelli in1947, which left the cross, which is still standing up there.

The snow clad peak of San Pedro, situated in the middle of the Puna highland reaches 5,995 m.a.s.l., and is a constant challenge for climbers.
 


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